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Diabetes Mellitus: Management and Treatment

Diabetes Mellitus: An Overview: Management and Treatment


How is diabetes managed?
Diabetes management guidelines might not be as difficult as it seem. The questions “How can diabetes be managed?”, “Why is it important to manage diabetes?” and “How to cure diabetes” has been on the lips of so many patients of diabetes, there is no cure for diabetes, but can be treated and controlled. The major focuses of managing diabetes are to:
  • Keep your blood glucose levels as close to normal as possible by balancing food intake with medication and activity.
  • Keep your blood cholesterol and triglyceride (lipid) levels as near the normal ranges as possible.
  • Control your blood pressure. Your blood pressure should not get above 140/90.
  • Reduce or prevent the development of diabetes-related health problems if possible.
You can start managing your diabetes by:
  • Planning what you eat and adhering to a balanced meal plan
  • Exercising regularly can also help in the management of diabetes mellitus.
  • Taking medication, if prescribed, and strictly complying with the guidelines on how and when to take it.
  • Monitoring and checking your blood glucose and blood pressure levels at home
  • Keeping your appointments and your meetings with your healthcare providers and having laboratory tests completed as instructed by your doctor.
Your daily activities daily affect your blood glucose much more than what your medical doctor can do monthly during your check-up.

READ ALSO: WHAT IS TYPE 2 DIABETES?

What are insulin pumps?
Insulin pumps are the small and computerized devices, almost the size of a small cell phone that you wear on or around your belt, under your clothes or in your pocket. They are also being used as “nursing management of diabetes mellitus” tool. They discharge rapid-acting insulin throughout the day through a small and flexible tube known as cannula. The cannula is placed under the skin utilizing a needle. The needle will then be removed leaving the flexible tube only.

An insulin pump can deliver insulin 24 hours a day.

It is essential for users of this device (pump) to monitor their glucose levels frequently either with a fingerstick monitor or a continuous glucose monitor. The pump discharges a continuous flow of insulin which can be readjusted if required for exercise and stress. A pump user enters information regularly about their intake of food and levels of blood sugar into the pump so it can help them calculate insulin doses for food intake and high blood sugar levels.

Insulin pump has is benefits which include a more flexible lifestyle, fewer insulin injections, and a more regular and adjustable delivery of insulin.
You can also download the diabetes management app

Can I take both pills and insulin to control my blood sugar?

Yes you can. Combining both insulin and oral medication, when taken as prescribed by your doctor, is very effective and safe in controlling blood sugar. A combination therapy includes taking an oral medication during the day and insulin at night.

Immediately you start taking insulin, you are required to monitor your blood sugar regularly to lessen the risk of low blood sugar reactions and complications. Combination therapies are most times useful and helpful for people especially those who have type 2 diabetes. If you have been using an oral medication, your medical doctor may alter your treatment plan to include insulin injections. This change is usually made to assist people with type 2 diabetes acquire better control of their blood sugar.

People who are suffering from diabetes mellitus complications often ask “Can Diabetes Type 2 Be Cured?” or “What is the best treatment for diabetes?” To avoid too long text that can bore you, we will discuss more about it in our subsequent post(s). So keep glued.

READ ALSO: HOW IS TYPE 2 DIABETES MANAGED?

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